autonomously replicating sequence

Glossary of Biotechnology for Food and Agriculture . 2015.

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  • Autonomously replicating sequence — An autonomously replicating sequence (ARS) contains the origin of replication in the yeast genome. It contains four regions (A, B1, B2, and B3), named in order of their effect on plasmid stability; when these regions are mutated, replication does …   Wikipedia

  • Autonomously replicating sequence — …   Википедия

  • autonomously replicating segment — (or sequence), = autonomous replicating segment Abbreviation: ARS Any eukaryotic DNA sequence that initiates and supports chromosomal replication; they have been isolated in yeast cells …   Glossary of Biotechnology

  • autonomous replicating segment — (or sequence), = autonomously replicating segment Abbreviation: ARS Any eukaryotic DNA sequence that initiates and supports chromosomal replication; they have been isolated in yeast cells …   Glossary of Biotechnology

  • ARS — (= autonomously replicating sequence.) A DNA sequence originally isolated from Saccharomyces cerevisiae that when linked to a non replicating sequence can confer on the latter the ability to be replicated in a yeast cell. Transformations effected …   Dictionary of molecular biology

  • Okazaki fragments — DNA replication Okazaki fragments are short molecules of single stranded DNA that are formed on the lagging strand during DNA replication. They are between 1,000 to 2,000 nucleotides long in Escherichia coli and are between 100 to 200 nucleotides …   Wikipedia

  • Origin of replication — The origin of replication (also called the replication origin) is a particular sequence in a genome at which replication is initiated.[1] This can either be DNA replication in living organisms such as prokaryotes and eukaryotes, or RNA… …   Wikipedia

  • Yeast artificial chromosome — This is a photo of two copies of the Washington University Human Genome YAC Library. Each of the stacks is approximately 12 microtiter plates. Each plate has 96 wells, each with different yeast clones. A yeast artificial chromosome (YAC) is a… …   Wikipedia

  • DNA gyrase — DNA gyrase, often referred to simply as gyrase, is an enzyme that relieves strain while double stranded DNA is being unwound by helicase. This causes negative supercoiling of the DNA. Bacterial DNA gyrase is the target of many antibiotics,… …   Wikipedia

  • Control of chromosome duplication — A key feature of the DNA replication mechanism in eukaryotes is that it is designed to replicate relatively large genomes rapidly and with high fidelity. Replication is initiated at multiple origins of replication on multiple chromosomes… …   Wikipedia

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