adenosine triphosphate
= adenosine 5'-triphosphate
Abbreviation: ATP
A nucleotide of fundamental importance as the major carrier of chemical energy in all living organisms. It is also required for RNA synthesis since it is a direct precursor molecule. ATP consists of adenosine with three phosphate groups, linked together linearly. The phosphates are attached to adenosine through the 5'-hydroxyl of its ribose (sugar) portion. Upon hydrolysis, these bonds yield either one molecule of adenosine 5'-diphosphate (ADP) and the inorganic phosphate ion, or one molecule of adenosine 5'-monophosphate (AMP) and pyrophosphate; in both cases releasing energy that is used to power biological processes. ATP is regenerated by the phosphorylation of AMP and ADP.

Glossary of Biotechnology for Food and Agriculture . 2015.

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  • Adenosine triphosphate — Adénosine triphosphate Pour les articles homonymes, voir ATP. Adénosine triphosphate …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Adénosine-triphosphate — Pour les articles homonymes, voir ATP. Adénosine triphosphate …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Adénosine Triphosphate — Pour les articles homonymes, voir ATP. Adénosine triphosphate …   Wikipédia en Français

  • adenosine triphosphate — adenosine triphosphate. См. АТФ. (Источник: «Англо русский толковый словарь генетических терминов». Арефьев В.А., Лисовенко Л.А., Москва: Изд во ВНИРО, 1995 г.) …   Молекулярная биология и генетика. Толковый словарь.

  • adenosine triphosphate — [trī fäs′fāt΄] n. ATP …   English World dictionary

  • Adenosine triphosphate — For the Japanese rock band, see Adenosine Tri Phosphate (band). Adenosine triphosphate …   Wikipedia

  • Adénosine triphosphate — Pour les articles homonymes, voir ATP. Adénosine triphosphate …   Wikipédia en Français

  • adenosine triphosphate — ATP. A substance present in all living cells that provides energy for many metabolic processes and is involved in making RNA. Adenosine triphosphate made in the laboratory is being studied in patients with advanced solid tumors to see if it can… …   English dictionary of cancer terms

  • adenosine triphosphate — adenosine tri·phos·phate trī fäs .fāt n ATP * * * see ATP * * * (ATP) a nucleotide, the 5′ triphosphate of adenosine, involved in energy metabolism and required for RNA synthesis; it occurs in all cells and is used to store energy in the… …   Medical dictionary

  • adenosine triphosphate — /əˌdɛnəsin traɪˈfɒsfeɪt/ (say uh.denuhseen truy fosfayt), /ædəˌnoʊsin/ (say aduh.nohseen) noun the triphosphate of adenosine, present in all living cells, which represents a store of chemical energy. Abbrev.: ATP …   Australian English dictionary

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