cell-free protein synthesis

Glossary of Biotechnology for Food and Agriculture . 2015.

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  • Cell-free protein synthesis — (also called in vitro protein synthesis), is the production of protein without the use of living cells. HistoryThe first elucidation of a codon was done by Marshall Nirenberg and Heinrich J. Matthaei in 1961 at the National Institutes of Health.… …   Wikipedia

  • Cell-free protein array — technology produces protein microarrays by performing in vitro synthesis of the target proteins from their DNA templates. This method of synthesizing protein microarrays overcomes the many obstacles and challenges faced by traditional methods of… …   Wikipedia

  • cell — cell1 cell like, adj. /sel/, n. 1. a small room, as in a convent or prison. 2. any of various small compartments or bounded areas forming part of a whole. 3. a small group acting as a unit within a larger organization: a local cell of the… …   Universalium

  • protein — proteinaceous /proh tee nay sheuhs, tee i nay /, proteinic, proteinous, adj. /proh teen, tee in/, n. 1. Biochem. any of numerous, highly varied organic molecules constituting a large portion of the mass of every life form and necessary in the… …   Universalium

  • Protein — Proteins are large organic compounds made of amino acids arranged in a linear chain and joined together by peptide bonds between the carboxyl and amino groups of adjacent amino acid residues. The sequence of amino acids in a protein is defined by …   Wikipedia

  • Cell (biology) — Allium cells in different phases of the cell cycle …   Wikipedia

  • Cell nucleus — HeLa cells stained for the cell nucleus DNA with the Blue Hoechst dye. The central and rightmost cell are in interphase, thus their entire nuclei are labeled. On the left, a cell is going through mitosis and its DNA has condensed ready for… …   Wikipedia

  • Protein microarray — A protein microarray, sometimes referred to as a protein binding microarray, is a piece of glass on which different molecules of protein have been affixed at separate locations in an ordered manner thus forming a microscopic array. These are used …   Wikipedia

  • Protein kinase A — In cell biology, Protein kinase A (PKA) refers to a family of enzymes whose activity is dependent on cellular levels of cyclic AMP (cAMP). PKA is also known as cAMP dependent protein kinase (EC 2.7.11.11). Protein kinase A has several functions… …   Wikipedia

  • Cell membrane — Illustration of a Eukaryotic cell membrane The cell membrane or plasma membrane is a biological mem …   Wikipedia

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