chaperone
A family of proteins that ensure the correct assembly and conformation of other polypeptides in vivo as they emerge from the ribosome, but are not themselves components of the functional assembled structures. The prokaryotic equivalents are known as chaperonins.

Glossary of Biotechnology for Food and Agriculture . 2015.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Chaperone — or Chaperon may refer to: Chaperone (social) or chaperon, an adult who accompanies or supervises young people on social occasions Chaperone (clinical), a person who acts as a witness for a patient and a medical practitioner during a medical… …   Wikipedia

  • chaperone — index protect Burton s Legal Thesaurus. William C. Burton. 2006 …   Law dictionary

  • Chaperone — Chaperone,   Chaperonine, Eiweiße, die in anderen Proteinen bestimmte Konformationen stabilisieren und dadurch die Faltung oder die Translozierung (Export) dieser Proteine mitbestimmen. Chaperonine sind häufig Stressproteine.… …   Universal-Lexikon

  • chaperone — meaning ‘someone who accompanies a young unmarried woman’, is the recommended spelling, not chaperon. It is pronounced shap ǝ rohn …   Modern English usage

  • chaperone — (also chaperon) ► NOUN dated ▪ an older woman responsible for the behaviour of an unmarried girl at social occasions. ► VERB ▪ accompany and look after. DERIVATIVES chaperonage noun. ORIGIN originally denoting a hood, regarded as giving… …   English terms dictionary

  • Chaperone — Chaperonin Klasse I aus Escherichia coli in Auf und Seitenansicht. Chaperone (engl. Anstandsdamen) sind Proteine, die neu synthetisierten Proteinen „helfen“, sich korrekt zu falten. Die Bezeichnung wurde gewählt, „da sie unreife Proteine vor… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • chaperone — I chaperone UK [ˈʃæpərəʊn] / US [ˈʃæpəˌroʊn] or chaperon UK / US noun [countable] Word forms chaperone : singular chaperone plural chaperones 1) in the past, an older woman who went with a young woman who was not married to a social event to make …   English dictionary

  • chaperone — I. noun or chaperon Etymology: French chaperon, literally, hood, from Middle French, head covering, from chape Date: 1720 1. a person (as a matron) who for propriety accompanies one or more young unmarried women in public or in mixed company 2.… …   New Collegiate Dictionary

  • chaperone — 1. noun a) An older person who accompanies other younger people to ensure the propriety of their behaviour, often an older woman accompanying a young woman. b) A protein that assists the non covalent folding/unfolding and the assembly/disassembly …   Wiktionary

  • chaperone — 1. A protein required for the proper folding and/or assembly of another protein or protein complex. 2. One who accompanies a physician during examination of a patient of the opposite sex (from the physician). [Eng. escort, protector, fr. Fr.… …   Medical dictionary

  • chaperone — to serve as a chaperone (to serve as a chaperone at a dance) …   Combinatory dictionary

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”