microsatellite

A segment of DNA characterized by a variable number of copies(typically 5-50) of a sequence of around 5 or fewer bases (called a repeat unit). At any one locus (genomic site), there are usually several different "alleles" in a population, each allele identifiable according to the number of repeat units. This existence of multiple alleles (high level of polymorphism) has enabled microsatellites to be developed as powerful markers in many different species. They are detected by the polymerase chain reaction..

Glossary of Biotechnology for Food and Agriculture . 2015.

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  • Microsatellite — may refer to: A class of miniaturized satellite Microsatellite (genetics), a repeating sequence in DNA This disambiguation page lists articles associated with the same title. If an internal link led …   Wikipedia

  • microsatellite — microsatellite. См. микросателлит. (Источник: «Англо русский толковый словарь генетических терминов». Арефьев В.А., Лисовенко Л.А., Москва: Изд во ВНИРО, 1995 г.) …   Молекулярная биология и генетика. Толковый словарь.

  • microsatellite — ● microsatellite nom masculin Petit satellite, de masse généralement inférieure à 100 kg environ, embarqué à bord d un lanceur spatial en tant que passager auxiliaire, en même temps qu une charge utile principale …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Microsatellite — Cette page d’homonymie répertorie les différents sujets et articles partageant un même nom. Sur les autres projets Wikimedia : « Microsatellite », sur le Wiktionnaire (dictionnaire universel) En biologie, un microsatellite est une… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • microsatellite — ˌmīkrōˌ noun Etymology: micr + satellite (I) : any of numerous short segments of DNA that are distributed throughout the genome, that consist of repeated sequences of usually two to five nucleotides, and that are often useful genetic markers in… …   Useful english dictionary

  • microsatellite — noun Date: 1989 any of numerous short segments of DNA that are distributed throughout the genome, that consist of repeated sequences of usually two to five nucleotides, and that tend to vary from one individual to another …   New Collegiate Dictionary

  • microsatellite — a very short unit sequence of DNA (2 to 4 base pairs) that is repeated multiple times in tandem. Microsatellites are highly polymorphic and make ideal markers for analysis of relationships …   Dictionary of ichthyology

  • microsatellite — noun a) A miniature satellite b) Any of a group of polymorphic loci in DNA that consist of repeat units of just a few base pairs …   Wiktionary

  • microsatellite — mi·cro·sat·el·lite sat əl .īt n any of numerous short segments of DNA that are distributed throughout the genome, that consist of repeated sequences of usu. two to five nucleotides, and that are often useful markers in studies of genetic linkage… …   Medical dictionary

  • microsatellite — micro·satellite …   English syllables

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