translational start codon


Glossary of Biotechnology for Food and Agriculture . 2015.

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  • Translational frameshift — Translational frameshifting or ribosomal frameshifting refers to an alternate process of protein translation. Normally, a protein is translated from one end of the template to the other, generally from the 3 to the 5 end (or 5 to 3 ends of the… …   Wikipedia

  • CD36 — (Cluster of Differentiation 36) is an integral membrane protein found on the surface of many cell types in vertebrate animals and is also known as FAT, SCARB3, GP88, glycoprotein IV (gpIV) and glycoprotein IIIb (gpIIIb). CD36 is a member of the… …   Wikipedia

  • Genetic code — A series of codons in part of a messenger RNA (mRNA) molecule. Each codon consists of three nucleotides, usually representing a single amino acid. The nucleotides are abbreviated with the letters A, U, G and C. This is mRNA, which uses U (uracil) …   Wikipedia

  • heredity — /heuh red i tee/, n., pl. heredities. Biol. 1. the transmission of genetic characters from parents to offspring: it is dependent upon the segregation and recombination of genes during meiosis and fertilization and results in the genesis of a new… …   Universalium

  • Консенсусная последовательность Козак — (последовательность Козак, англ. Kozak consensus sequence) последовательность нуклеотидов в составе молекулы мРНК эукариот, окружающая старт кодон и важная для инициации трансляции. Консенсусная последовательность была впервые описана… …   Википедия

  • Translation (biology) — Diagram showing the translation of mRNA and the synthesis of proteins by a ribosome. In molecular biology and genetics, translation is the third stage of protein biosynthesis (part of the overall process of gene expression). In translation,… …   Wikipedia

  • Messenger RNA — The life cycle of an mRNA in a eukaryotic cell. RNA is transcribed in the nucleus; processed, it is transported to the cytoplasm and translated by the ribosome. At the end of its life, the mRNA is degraded. Messenger RNA (mRNA) is a molecule of… …   Wikipedia

  • List of molecular biology topics — This is a list of topics in molecular biology. See also list of biochemistry topics. NOTOC # 3 end 3 flanking region 5 end 5 flanking region 5 ribose 3 A acrylamide gels adenine adenosine deaminase deficiency adenovirus agarose gel… …   Wikipedia

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  • Kozak consensus sequence — The Kozak consensus sequence, Kozak consensus or Kozak sequence, is a sequence which occurs on eukaryotic mRNA and has the consensus (gcc)gccRccAUGG, where R is a purine (adenine or guanine) three bases upstream of the start codon (AUG), which is …   Wikipedia

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